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Lab and Clin Medicine Undergraduate Studies: Referencing

What is referencing?

Referencing is the practice of acknowledging other peoples works, ideas, sources used in a paper, assignment, report and conference papers in academic writing. Direct quotations, facts and figures, tables and images, from published as well as unpublished works need to be referenced, as do ideas and theories that originate elsewhere.

There are many different referencing styles. Check which one your lecturers require you to use. The library has put together introductory guides for some of the common styles.

APA style

American Psychological Association (APA) style is an academic format specified in The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, a style guide that offers academic authors guidance on various subjects for the submission of papers to the publications of APA.


EndNote is a package for creating a library of references, adding references to a document and producing a formatted bibliography. UKZN has a license for the desktop software which may also be downloaded onto private pcs by bona fide students and staff members. The document below provides download instructions as well as basic instructions on how to use EndNote.

EndNote Video


RefWorks is online software for creating and managing a library of references. It is available from the Databases A-Z list on the Library's website. Users need to register and use a login.


Turnitin is an internet based tool used to check and detect plagiarism in an essay or any kind of academic related document. Its a licensed based software which universities and school obtain through subscription. Go to to register.


For more information and assistance please contact Hilary,031 260 2038/2472

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