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UKZN-CROP: Referencing

CROP (Comparative Research Programme on Poverty) at the University of Bergen(UiB)

What is Referencing

 It is an act practiced in academic writing of acknolwedging ones sources of information used in writing paper, conference paper, books, theses and dessertation or even in writing songs. Plagiarism is a act of unacknolwedging other peoples ideas writing them as if they are your own. For more information of plagiarism visit :


Turnit in is an internet based tool used to check and detect plagiarism in an essay or any kind of academic related document. Its a licensed based software which universities and school obtain through subscription. For more detailed information visit :TURNITIN MANUAL

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Referencing styles

A referencing style is the way in which references are presented in a document. Unfortunately there is no universal style and each discipline has its preferences.




UKZN has a license to the Endnote software. This programme is loaded in all lans and can also be downloaded from the UKZN software library onto private laptops and computers. Endnote allows you to create your own library of references as well as create a bibliography in a range of styles. Whilst writing a Word document it is possible to create the intext references and at the same time create the bibliography. Endnote X7 is the latest version. There are tutorials and useful 'frequently asked questions' on the Endnote site:

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