Skip to main content

Anaesthesiology: Referencing

What is referencing?

Referencing is a practice of acknowledging other peoples works, ideas, sources used in a paper, assignment, report and conference papers in academic writing. Direct quotations, facts and figures, tables and images, from published as well as unpublished works need to be referenced, as do ideas and theories that originate elsewhere

What is a referencing style?

A referencing style refers to the way in which details about a reference are written down. There is no universal style: every discipline and journal has its preferred style.

Medical sciences tend to use the Vancouver or APA style. Guides to these styles are presented below.

APA style

American Psychological Association (APA) style is an academic format specified in The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, a style guide that offers academic authors guidance on various subjects for the submission of papers to the publications of APA.

Subject Guide

Nonkuthalo Ngcakaza's picture
Nonkuthalo Ngcakaza
Contact:
Mrs Nonkuthalo Ngcakaza-Mchunu
Senior Librarian
College of Health Sciences
University of KwaZulu-Natal
Medical School Campus
Tel: 031-260 4766
Email:ngcakaza@ukzn.ac.za
All information © 2018 University of KwaZulu-Natal. All rights reserved.