This is the action of providing unrestricted access to material that would normally be subject to copyright restrictions. Some material may be initially restricted then at a later date become available via open access, some material may be published as open access in the first instance.
"In the Open Access environment, authors generally publish under the Creative Commons Attribution License which allows for free and immediate access to, and unrestricted re-use of, original works of all types. Under this license, authors make their scholarly content legally available for re-use, without permission or fees, and for virtually any purpose. Anyone may copy, distribute, or re-use these articles, with the condition that the author(s) and original source are properly cited." (Yusuf Ras, Stellenbosch University).
Directory of Open Access Books : DOAB
The aim of DOAB is to increase the discoverability of open access academic books. DOAB was launched in 2013 and publishers can register to upload resources onto DOAB.
Project Gutenberg - founded in 1971 and most books included have expired copyright.
National Research Foundation in support of Open Access Publishing.
Some publishers who are accepting open access material: