Skip to Main Content

Literature in African Languages: Referencing


EndNote is an electronic package for creating and storing a library of references (citations plus abstracts, notes etc) which can then be used in conjunction with the typing of Word documents. Full text documents, figures, tables etc can be added to the references as attachments.


Turnitin is an internet based tool used to check and detect plagiarism in an essay or any kind of academic related document. It is licensed based software which is obtained through a subscription. You will need to register online with Turnitin and get the relevant code from your lecturer.

Referencing in Literary Studies

Referencing is the practice of indicating the information sources  used in a document and gives credit to the original authors. A referencing style is the way in which references are presented in a document. Unfortunately there is no universal style and each discipline has its preferences.


Literary Studies uses both the Harvard  Reference Style (author/date) and the MLA style. Find out from your discipline which style to use.


The Library has created basic guides for these styles. Please find the guides below:

Why and how should I cite?

Click on the link below for a PowerPoint presentation on Harvard referencing ; why we should do it and examples of how it is done.

Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Jabulile Sibisi - Mshengu
Cecil Renaud Library, Pietermaritzburg
All information © 2018 University of KwaZulu-Natal. All rights reserved.