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Gender Studies: Referencing

What is referencing?

Academic writing requires that you acknowledge other peoples works, ideas, sources used in a paper, assignment, report and conference papers. This is called referencing or citing.

What is a referencing style?

A referencing style is the preferred format for creating references to sources of information. Format includes the order of elements of a reference as well as punctuation.


 There are many different styles, and you must not mix and match them. It is important to follow a single style. Your department will have a policy on which style you should use. Ask your lecturer or consult your course outline to find out which style to use.

Below are some of the most popular referencing styles put together by the UKZN library:

Why should I reference my work?

  •  to acknowledge the work and ideas of others 
  • to avoid plagiarism. Not referencing another person's work is a serious offence
  • to indicate the range of sources you used; how up-to-date your sources are and whether you used relevant material
  • to make it possible for readers to locate your sources either out of interest or to verify your information.

Click on the link below for a PowerPoint presentation on why we should reference and examples of how it is done.

Citations and References

Students are often required to have both citations and references when creating their assignments. 


Reference management tools


“Citation management" or "reference management" tools help you collect, manage, and prepare bibliographies of your research sources. They help you import citations from research databases, websites and other electronic sources, as well as allowing you to manually enter citations. In addition, you can add citations to your documents and generate a bibliography in your desired citation format with plug-in tools for word processing programs.

UKZN subscribes to EndNote and staff and students may download the software from the UKZN software library.

What is plagiarism?

 Plagiarism is not just about copying a classmate's assignment but also taking someone else's ideas and writings from books, journals and websites and pretending they are your own.

In the academic environment it is essential to indicate where you got your information and ideas from - your lecturers want to see what you have read.


Turnitin is an internet based tool used to check and detect plagiarism in an essay or any kind of academic related document. It is licensed based software which is obtained through a subscription.

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