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Economics and Finance: Referencing

What is referencing?

Referencing is a practice of acknowledging other peoples works, ideas, sources used in a paper, assignment, report and conference papers in academic writing.

Why reference an assignment?

  • To acknowledge the sources of information you have used just as authors of books and journal articles list the sources they have used
  • It is academic courtesy to acknowledge the work of others – none of us know everything and we we rely on the work of others
  • Your lecturers/readers need to see from where you obtained your information 
  • Your lecturers/readers need to see how widely you have read; whether you have used key sources and how up to date your information is
  • Your lecturers/readers need to be able to verify the information you have used
  • Plagiarism – using someone else’s ideas as if they were your own is unacceptable and a punishable offence.

Referencing styles

A referencing style refers to the way in which bibliographic details are set out in a document and in a bibliography. There is no universal style and each discipline has its own preference.


  • Use either the Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome browser
  • Close all your Microsoft programmes
  • Type in this address into the URL box on the UKZN website  (found on the UKZN Computer Services ICS page  Choose Software Repository)  
  • Click on Academic Software, then choose EndNote, then click on Endnote 20 - windows and mac to install (for Windows)
  • From the next screen choose EN20Inst.msi for windows users
  • If you are asked to enter a product key, enter the information found at the link  
  • Follow the installation steps
  • When the software is installed you will then be asked to save the library which is called My Endnote Library.enl
  • At the same time a My Endnote file will be created. This is the background file for the library

You can also access the software library via the ICS website.

From the UKZN home page choose SUPPORT SERVICES from the top toolbar; scroll down and find Information and Communication Services Division (ICS). On their home page scroll down and bottom right is a link to the software repository.


Turnitin is an internet based tool used to check and detect plagiarism in an essay or any kind of academic related document. Its a licensed based software which universities and school obtain through subscription.

You register as a student at However you will need to have a class ID and password  from your supervisor to enter when you are registering. 

Need help with Turnitin? Consult the page or go to

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