Skip to Main Content

Built Environment and Development Studies: Referencing


EndNote is a bibliographic management tool that UKZN subscribes to. There is a web version and a recommended desktop version which can be downloaded from the University's software library. All university lans are fitted with the software and registered staff and students may download the software onto private computers. 

The Library offers training sessions on EndNote and there are online tutorials and guidebooks at UKZN Library has put together its own brief notes on getting started on EndNote.


Turnit in is an internet based tool used to check and detect plagiarism in an essay or any kind of academic related document. Its a licensed based software which universities and school obtain through subscription.

UKZN subscribes to Turnitin. Go to to register as a student. You will need a cource code from your lecturer to complete registration.

What is referencing?


 Referencing is a practice of acknowledging other peoples works, ideas, sources used in a paper, assignment, report and conference papers in academic writing. References may appear in the text as well as at the end of an assignment as a bibliography.

Referencing style is about what details to include and in what order and using particular punctuation.

There is no universal style so consult your lecturer. The Library has produced brief guides to one version of the Harvard (Author Date) style as well as the APA style.

APA style

American Psychological Association (APA) style is an academic format specified in The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, a style guide that offers academic authors guidance on various subjects for the submission of papers to the publications of APA. The UKZN Library has put together brief guides to the APA 7th style, see links below.

 Official online manual and style guide of the APA

Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Nontobeko Sikhosana
E G Malherbe Library
2nd floor, Office 212
031 260 2061
Social: YouTube Page
All information © 2018 University of KwaZulu-Natal. All rights reserved.